City of Tshwane is classified as a Category A Grade 6 urban municipality by the Municipal Demarcation Board in terms of section 4 of the Local Government Municipal Structures Act, 1998 (Act 117 of 1998). The Municipality was established on 5 December 2000 through the integration of various municipalities and councils that had previously served the greater Pretoria regime and surrounding areas.
On 28 May 2008, a proclamation through the Government Gazette was made to incorporate the former Metsweding District Municipality, including Dinokeng tsa Taemane (Cullinan) and Kungwini (Bronkhorstspruit) into the borders of City of Tshwane. The incorporation, which gave birth to the new City of Tshwane in May 2011 after the local government elections, was in line with the Gauteng Global City Region Strategy to reduce the number of municipalities in Gauteng by the year 2016.
The new City of Tshwane which has a Mayoral Executive System combined with a ward participatory system in accordance with section 2 (g) of the Determination of Types of Municipality Act, 2000 (Act 1 of 2000), and section 2(1) (c) (vii) of the North-West Municipal Structures Act, 2000 (Act 3 of 2000); it has 105 wards, 210 councillors and about 2,5 million residents, and is divided into seven regions. It covers 6 368km² of Gauteng’s 19 055km² and stretches almost 121 km from east to west and 108 km from north to south making it the third-largest city in the world in terms of land area, after New York and Tokyo/Yokohama.
As the administrative seat of Government and hosting a number of Embassies, City of Tshwane has proven to be a leader on the African continent in providing affordable industrial sites, various industries, office space, education and research facilities.
An estimated 90% of all research and development in South Africa is conducted here by institutions such as Armscor, the Medical Research Council, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, the Human Sciences Research Council and educational institutions such as the University of South Africa and Tshwane University of Technology.
The City’s principle economic sectors include: services: 70%, commerce: 13%, industry 21% and other: 2 %. The City’s Growth and Development strategy, aims to:
contribute towards the provincial economic growth target of 9%;
reduce unemployment by 50% by the year 2014;
create an environment that will ensure a more balanced sharing of benefits between the first and second economies;
address gender focused issues in the economy by dealing with the inequalities and mainstreaming women, youth and the disabled; and develop a monitoring mechanism to evaluate projects.
In line with these efforts, Tshwane’s 5-Year plan of action is to develop Tshwane into a leading city where residents can enjoy a good quality of life. The five-year programme focuses on the challenges and opportunities faced by the city and have five strategic objectives:
To provide access to quality basic services and infrastructure throughout the city; Accelerate shared and higher local economic growth and development;
Fight poverty and ensure clean, healthy, safe, secure and sustainable communities;
Foster participatory democracy and apply the Batho Pele principles through a caring, accessible and accountable service; and
Ensure good governance and financial viability, building institutional capacity and optimising transformation in order to execute the Municipality’s mandate